4 Common Types of Bone and Joint Conditions in Pets and How to Treat Them

4 Common Types of Bone and Joint Conditions in Pets and How to Treat ThemLike humans, dogs and cats can have problems with their bones and joints. Whether it’s due to old age, getting injured, genetics, or a congenital defect, there are many treatment options available when your pet suffers from a condition affecting the bones and joints.

Hip Dysplasia

This type of condition usually affects larger breeds of dogs, including German Shepherd, Alaskan Malamute, and Saint Bernard. While the disorder is rare in cats, it can still affect heavier-boned breeds such as Main coon and Persian. In both dogs and cats, it is usually a condition that is inherited and occurs when the ball-in-socket structure of the hip joint does not develop properly. The tissues and muscles surrounding the hip joint begin to stretch and eventually become arthritic.

This condition needs to be monitored closely, usually with the help of frequent X-rays and physical examinations. Treatment options can depend on the severity of the condition as well as the age, weight, and general health of the animal. Pain medications and surgery are common treatment options.

Patellar Luxation

This condition is also referred to as a dislocated kneecap and is one of the most prevalent abnormalities having to do with the knee joint in dogs. Miniature breeds such as the Pomeranian, Yorkshire Terrier, and Chihuahua are most susceptible to this particular condition. Cats can also have a dislocated kneecap, especially the Abyssinian and Devon Rex breeds. Patellar luxation is usually either inherited or it is caused by trauma. It can also be a congenital defect, meaning they are born with a dislocated kneecap.

X-rays and fluid samples are taken from the joint are needed in order to properly diagnose this condition. Surgery is the most effective treatment option.

Bone Fractures

Bone fractures usually occur as a result of trauma. X-rays need to be taken to determine the severity and location of the fracture. The three most common types of fractures include:

  • Hairline – there are cracks in the middle of the bone
  • Multi-piece – the bone is broken in several places
  • Compound – serious fracture where the bone is exposed

When a dog or cat has sustained a bone fracture, they will need to be put under anesthesia and then the fracture gets immobilized by either surgical or non-surgical means. Most bone fractures will require surgery.


When the joint cartilage begins to deteriorate and it causes the joints to become chronically inflamed, it is known as osteoarthritis. Once thought to affect only large dogs, it can affect any breed but is more common in older dogs. Older cats can also suffer from this degenerative condition. Common symptoms of this condition in dogs include decreased levels of activity, lameness, and a stiff gait. Cats with this condition often exhibit abnormal behaviors such as not grooming themselves as much or no longer jumping up to their favorite spots.

While there is no cure for osteoarthritis, the condition can be managed with weight loss, exercise, and anti-inflammatory drugs. In some cases, different types of surgical procedures, such as joint replacement or removing cartilage fragments, may be beneficial.

If you’re concerned about your pet having an orthopedic condition, contact us at Veterinary Sports Rehab & Integrative Wellness to schedule an appointment with our veterinarian.


Vet Sports Rehab and Dr. Adams
2338 S Yukon CT , Lakewood CO 80227

Appointments Monday through Friday
Monday: 8:30 am - 6:00pm
Tuesday: 8:30 am - 6:00pm
Wednesday: 8:30 am - 6:00pm
Thursday: 8:30 am - 6:00pm
Friday: 9:00 am - 12:00pm

Services provided include western and eastern examinations, lab work, ultrasounds, animal chiropractic, acupuncture, laser, medications, herbs, supplements , PRP and stem cell treatments. At this time x-rays and major surgeries are not available but will be in the future. If you have questions or your pet needs to be seen before the first available appointment please contact Dr. Adams at adamsdvm@protonmail.com and someone will get back to you during business hours. If you leave message during the week within 24 hours, during the weekend or holidays you will be contacted on the next business day.

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